An ear infection is an inflammation of the middle ear usually caused by Bacteria. Ear Infections are very common in children. Five out of six children will have at least one ear infection by their 3rd birthday. In fact, ear infections are the most common reason parents bring their children to a doctor. Common reason of frequent ear infections in children is their Eustachian tubes are smaller and more level in children compared to adults. The scientific name of ear infection is otitis media. Ear ache is very painful and the child cries a lot. Common symptoms are tugging or pulling the ear, fussiness or crying, fever, fluid draining from ear or trouble in hearing. If not treated, the infection can result in ear discharge. Prolonged ear infections can lead to deafness in children. The doctor should be consulted whenever there are any of these symptoms. Ear infections can be easily diagnosed by examination and can be well treated with appropriate medicines.