Malaria is caused by Anopheles mosquito bite. Malaria can cause high grade fever with chills. It is not necessary for fever to come on alternate days. Blood tests many a time are not helpful. MP slide is the gold standard for diagnosis of malaria. Cerebral malaria is one of worst form of malaria and can cause coma with fits. Plasmodium falciparum can cause bleeding in urine and haemhorragic fever. Malaria is preventable and curable. Preventive measures include using insect repellents, covering arms and legs and using a mosquito net. Always consult your doctor when your child has high grade fever & chills with no identifiable cause especially in rainy season.